zip gz tar on mac terminal

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ZIP – Cross Platform
First up is ZIP one of the most commonly used compression techniques used across all platforms

To compress

zip -r archive_name.zip folder_to_compress
To extract

unzip archive_name.zip
If you want to make a zip without those invisible Mac resource files such as “_MACOSX” or “._Filename” and .ds store files, use the “-X” option in the command so:

zip -r -X archive_name.zip folder_to_compress
TAR.GZ – Cross Platform
Second up is TAR, an old favorite on Unix/Linux – you add the GZ for the compression – compresses tighter than zip

To compress

tar -zcvf archive_name.tar.gz folder_to_compress
To extract

tar -zxvf archive_name.tar.gz
TAR.BZ2 – Cross Platform
A variation on TAR GZ but with better compression than both tar.gz and zip.

To compress

tar -jcvf archive_name.tar.bz2 folder_to_compress
To extract

tar -jxvf archive_name.tar.bz2
GZ
Without the tar

To extract

gunzip archivename.gz
DMG – macOS Only
This one is macOSnative only – for a GUI interface use /Applications/Utilities/Disk Utility – for command line use:

To create

hdiutil create -format UDZO -srcfolder folder_to_compress archive_name.dmg
To mount

hdiutil attach archive_name.dmg
To view

ls -lah /Volumes/archive_name/
To Eject

hdiutil eject /Volumes/archive_name/